Cybersecurity and ethics questions surround computer files found in Lancaster County office | Local News


Dozens of individual information belonging to Lancaster County’s major attorney – including documents related to regional Republican Social gathering committees – have been found out on a county federal government laptop network previously this year, raising inquiries about whether she done campaign or other outdoors do the job using taxpayer time or resources.

The files belong to Jacquelyn E. Pfursich, the former clerk of courts who past 12 months was appointed county solicitor. Pfursich claimed she unintentionally transferred the documents on to the county’s laptop or computer network when she used a individual thumb generate in July 2021 to transfer some work-relevant data files as she transitioned into her new purpose as solicitor.

LNP | LancasterOnline acquired copies of the 85 or so data files in problem. They involve 55 files relevant to Pfursich’s political do the job with the county and Hempfield Republican committees, at minimum 13 data files connected to exterior authorized do the job Pfursich performed all through several years she was serving as clerk of courts, and 11 files that had been particular in character, like her children’s report playing cards. The mother nature of a couple of other documents — these as a discover for a wintertime donation travel — is unclear.

At the similar time she served as clerk of courts, Pfursich represented non-public lawful clients on the aspect. She’s also been a longtime chief in the neighborhood Republican Bash, serving as chair of the Hempfield Region Republican Committee considering that 2016.

The clerk of courts is an elected place. Elected officials like the clerk are permitted to keep outside the house jobs although serving in business office. But Pennsylvania’s Public Officials and Workforce Ethics Act bars elected officers from utilizing their place of work for “personal money obtain.” And the Pennsylvania State Ethics Fee, which investigates ethics complaints, has observed conducting marketing campaign function and personalized work with county methods, these kinds of as a laptop or telephone, to qualify as a style of economic get.

The commission also has to find that the action was a lot more than a modest acquire. It located in 2017 that a Beaver County commissioner, Joe Spanik, experienced violated the Ethics Act by directing his secretary at the county to do marketing campaign get the job done for his re-election. She made use of county place of work equipment and time she was on the clock to do it.

The fee calculated she spent about 17 several hours executing the function, valued at a least of $415, centered on her pay out level. He also employed notary companies from the county valued at $180. Spanik accepted an arrangement with the fee to pay $1,000, most of which went to Beaver County.

Files reported

The political and individual information belonging to Pfursich have been initially mentioned in public at a June board of commissioners conference when Ron Harper, Jr., a Rapho Township gentleman, claimed he had unearthed evidence that Pfursich had misused her workplace as clerk of courts. Harper has labored the two independently and with Pennsylvania Republicans as an opposition researcher and investigator of political officers.

Internally, the existence of own and political documents on the clerk of courts network was first claimed to human resources director Michelle Gallo and Democratic county Commissioner John Trescot in a March 31 memo written by Pfursich’s successor, Mary Anater. Trescot was notified, Anater reported, due to the fact he is her office’s designated chief place of make contact with with the overall county board of commissioners.

Anater mentioned staff members in the place of work were being knowledgeable of the documents but did not straight away alert her to them right up until several months into her tenure, in March. “When employees issues had been last but not least lifted with me, I reviewed the documents, decided they had been in opposition to county policy” and noted them, she claimed.

Pfursich claimed she was unaware all through that interval that the files, some which contained confidential info of legal customers, were being obtainable in a shared county personal computer community.

“In hindsight, I must have utilised a clean, new thumb push to stay away from any accidental transfer of information,” Pfursich mentioned. “However, I have hardly ever employed county desktops or county methods for political functions.”

Pfursich furnished LNP | LancasterOnline with an inside memo from the county IT director, Steven Clement, that exhibits he located it very likely her transfer of own information to the county’s community was accidental.

“The details in question was easily identifiable as remaining particular in character, very likely the result of an accidental thumb push imprint, and not immediately deleted for the duration of the standard wiping of information on prior employees’ changeover from the place,” Clement explained in an April 1 memo to the county’s leading administrator, main clerk Lawrence George who oversees the county’s different departments, including IT and human resources.

For each George’s direction, IT personnel taken out the data files from the shared travel and forwarded them to the main clerk for storage on a county travel tied to his business office, he instructed LNP | LancasterOnline. Storing the documents on a hard push prevented anybody with obtain to the county network travel from accessing them.

But he took no further measures to seem additional into the issue or refer it to a person else – irrespective of whether an outdoors legal professional or other investigative human body – and George stated he didn’t look at no matter if the existence of the data files known as for further inquiry.

“The first goal was to get rid of all the information that was thought accessible to an individual it ought to not have been obtainable to, and my preliminary imagined wasn’t truly, ‘Oh, is that going to taint any kind of investigation that might want to observe?’” George reported.

Ethical things to consider

Pfursich’s account of how the information wound up in the county community and the subsequent response by George and some others raises queries about the county’s cybersecurity guidelines and protocols, as perfectly as how it handles likely ethics matters involving elected officers.

Pat Christmas, plan director at the Philadelphia-based mostly fantastic authorities group Committee of Seventy, explained it is unclear, dependent on a description of the condition, irrespective of whether the matter has ethics implications or signifies some type of breakdown in the county’s HR protocols.

If this was simply a mistake by Pfursich, Xmas mentioned, county officers may want to review the onboarding method for county staff members.

“Maybe it desires to be sharpened up to stay away from this sort of thing occurring in the future, probably coaching close to this, as perfectly as for the people who would administer such a plan,” he mentioned.

The matter warrants further inquiry, Christmas mentioned. The public justifies assurance its elected officers are staying earlier mentioned board, he claimed, in particular in an era when faith and rely on in govt are at all-time lows.

“Even fairly minimal infractions or probable violations can dent that have confidence in, so that’s why, substantively, and with regard to perception, I think these difficulties subject,” Xmas explained.

George identified as the predicament around Pfursich’s files “unprecedented.”

“Thankfully, this does not appear up very normally. In simple fact, I’m not mindful of any instance unquestionably in my vocation,” George reported. But he acknowledged the county need to have clearer strategies for related scenarios.

In an electronic mail, Trescot, the Democratic commissioner, said he would assist owning a superior outlined result in for examining possible ethics matters and producing suggestions for motion.

Republican commissioners Josh Parsons and Ray D’Agostino, who have political ties to Pfursich and voted for her appointment to solicitor in July 2021 more than objections from the Democratic commissioner at the time, Craig Lehman, did not answer to the similar issues.

Ahead of becoming initial elected as clerk of courts in 2015, Pfursich labored as assistant county solicitor.

Existing policy

Through an open documents ask for, LNP | LancasterOnline obtained a duplicate of Lancaster County’s IT security coverage. Last up-to-date in June 2021, it does not expressly forbid end users of the county technique from employing exterior thumb drives or placing county files on to a private unit, as Pfursich stated was her intention.

It does say that consumers “should keep do the job paperwork and facts on cloud-base storage, rather than on system challenging drives or USB storage gadgets, as cloud-based storage presents much better protection than the options.” They also need to make sure those people storage devices are scanned for viruses right before remaining utilised.


LNP | LancasterOnline obtained Lancaster County’s IT stability coverage by means of an open information ask for.




Other language in the coverage seems to exempt elected officers from the guidelines employed employees have to abide by. The plan language expressly states that it applies to “all persons with granted approved access,” but an asterisked be aware claims elected officers utilizing the method “are responsible for their own steps.”

Trescot said the policy regarding elected officers relates to the simple fact that they are not county workforce. “The county governing administration does not use or fire elected officials,” he stated.

Using formal means for campaign get the job done can run afoul of Pennsylvania’s “theft of services” statute. But a prosecution beneath that statute would most likely demand proof of a persistent sample of applying county sources for non-official business.

George explained to LNP | LancasterOnline that his response adopted county treatments, but it manufactured an unintended consequence of getting rid of file details that could’ve been aspect of a deeper inquiry.

Clement, the county IT director, did not respond to a call or electronic mail relating to that policy and no matter whether deleting the documents from a shared push eradicated the capability to do a further forensic investigation of how and when the personal data files wound up on the county community.

An lack of ability to review the historical past of computer system activity by county officers would point out major program deficiencies, mentioned Daniel Castro of the Info Technological innovation and Innovation Foundation, a Washington, D.C., imagine tank that focuses on cybersecurity and privateness problems.

IT systems have come to depend on “audit logs” to beat viruses and ransomware assaults, Castro claimed. The logs keep observe of who accessed what file or method and when, and what they did with it, Castro stated.

And to permit customers to copy or transfer county paperwork to a unit exterior the IT method, or at all, was also questionable, Castro stated.

“These are officers for whom chain of custody really issues – for documents, who has entry to factors, you want solid audit logs. This all just variety of indicates bad IT in basic and IT protection,” Castro reported. “That is form of troubling.”

Workers author Carter Walker contributed to this story.


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