An enterprise architecture approach to ESG


Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) problems are a hot topic in boardrooms these days. 

It is no surprise. Globe-altering reviews on the state of weather adjust are sent with alarming regularity. Range and social inclusion misalignment, along with lax environmental values, are accelerating ‘the great resignation’. And finding the company’s response improper to these difficulties can have detrimental effects on a brand’s image and track record. 

In a lot of respects, addressing ESG issues is a no-brainer for organisations. There is a collective social have to have for a extra eco-pleasant and socially sustainable solution to economic improvement. Including to that already essential objective, there is a growing physique of evidence recognising the position performed by ESG values in driving personnel worth propositions, economical performance, prosperity, sustainability and in attracting investment.1,2,3

Transforming an organisation to provide on ESG aims, alternatively than established-and-forget or ‘greenwashing’ them,* nonetheless, calls for an effective and productive tactic, not to point out strategic nous and the skill to execute. A tried using and examined methodology that can enable execute ESG objectives and bring their execution straight to the CIO’s doorway is enterprise architecture.

Organization architecture for ESG

The term ‘enterprise architecture’ or ‘EA’ refers to a set of frameworks, methodologies and equipment that can assist an organisation map their business strategy to their procedures, data property, ICT systems and technological innovation.4 Its benefit lies in its potential to supply vital organisational insights, ensuring coherence concerning business ambitions and the supporting business features and technological know-how services required to realize them. 

By comprehension the underlying components of a business – their inter-relationships, benefit-chains, alignment and abilities –  business architecture discovers and identifies misalignment among targets, strategies and approach, and is a good starting up place for applying business strategy via digital transformation.5

This signifies that business architecture frameworks are effectively positioned to assist organisations in evaluating their existing ESG position, informing the prioritisation of digitally-enabled or evaluated ESG initiatives, and establishing the tactical roadmap to achieve an ESG vision.

Additionally, examined and confirmed EA methodologies and techniques will aid mitigate affiliated challenges that result from techniques that deficiency the maturity needed to guarantee alignment to organisational imperatives.

How to get began

Irrespective of whether you want to satisfy Greenhouse Fuel (GHG) emissions targets or make certain honest trade sourcing in source chains,  there will probably be expected improvements to multiple things of your business processes, supporting facts techniques, persons and/or technological innovation. 

To thrive on this transformation journey, an enterprise architecture tactic provides an array of resources. For example, heatmaps (charts that visualise which business features, application units, or technologies parts are involved with a certain overall performance evaluate) can assist in deciding on precedence locations to deal with whilst benefit chain mapping can give perception into the ESG influence of choices relating to offer chains.  

To begin, get to genuinely know your current condition by viewing your ESG goals as a result of the many EA layers, or lenses, and then use this perception to map out what you want to do to get to your preferred long term condition.


  • Business – No matter if it is organisational HR policies, a marketing method or your procurement community, many organisational processes and functions will need to be assessed for their ability to satisfy ESG goals. Just take procurement for instance, how do your suppliers’ ESG profiles fit with your ESG aims? Do you require to redesign your supply chain?  Need to you evaluate your community and social impact when adopting a new business model?


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  • Details programs – Will your information and facts systems guidance the over business method improvements? A important factor of attaining any ESG intention will be the info that your business is gathering and producing. Your procedures and aims will dictate the information you have to have to measure and handle, but at the identical time, the knowledge you now have (or do not have) can inform the targets established in the very first place. For instance, do you have information on your recycling techniques, the emissions becoming developed by your source associates or the percentage of honest-trade sourcing in your provide chains? Can you appraise the environmental footprint of your transport fleet?  And do you have the methods to seize and/or deliver this info?


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  • Technological innovation – Your organisation’s computing electrical power, storage and telecommunications have to have to be capable to guidance the previously mentioned info devices and business capabilities. Are the systems currently in location satisfactory to run the new programs you will need? Mapping your technological innovation infrastructure will also assist specifically discover distinct ESG ICT targets these kinds of as transitioning to reduced carbon footprint facts centres, optimising the use of your infrastructure, or reimagining the feasible knowledge and pc processing tradeoffs that get you to your lessen-emissions target.


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EA frameworks let organisations to go from vision to implementation across all organisational stages and locations, and then to circle back for steady refinements and enhancements. A business with experienced organization architecture tactics will also be far better placed to reply to the evolving ESG landscape.

From alignment to transformation

Usually, and especially when appeared at via a holistic company architecture solution, acquiring or reporting on selected ESG objectives (or seizing on innovative new options that ESG provides about) will not be feasible through isolated tech changes, but in fact, demand a a lot more holistic electronic transformation. (You may possibly have currently long gone by way of this in your COVID-19 pandemic response, but did you variable ESG in when you did?)

An EA-supported ESG assessment will give an precise see of the expenses and advantages of an organisation’s over-all IT portfolio. Architecture lenses will then assistance to make the decisions essential for ESG-linked electronic investment and/or transformation.

For case in point, the superior electrical power footprint of business IT techniques is starting to be an escalating concentration of ESG concern.6,7 As a consequence, organisations are experience considerable force to move to ‘clean-IT,’ optimising the trade-off involving electricity intake and computational effectiveness, and incorporating algorithmic and computational efficiencies in IT remedies and models. 

Conference ESG long run states will very likely involve digitalisation and emerging systems these kinds of as IoT, digital twins, major knowledge, and AI. Various apps are presently available in the sector to assistance sustainability administration and ESG reporting, such as PwC’s ESG Pulse. There’s also raising recognition inside the business globe of the relevance of integrating ESG into business resource setting up (ERP) units as compliance and reporting specifications acquire.8  

Averting code red

Organisations have to have to embrace ESG for their long-expression prosperity. But to consider benefit of ESG options and actually make a variance (not to mention complying with long term reporting and regulation demands)9 organisations will need to embed ESG goals into their business, details and engineering. 

EA presents perfectly-recognized and confirmed tactics/frameworks to permit strategic and aligned ESG transformations. The strategy can be instrumental to cascading an ESG eyesight through the organisation, ensuring it is strategically embedded.

With an evolving ESG landscape, organisations have to be capable to reply and adapt to switching necessities with agility and self esteem. A mature company architecture tactic can be the differentiating enabler to competitive gain – and to guaranteeing your organisation assists reach a a lot more sustainable society.


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